Collection: Con 10

Con 1010 - Construction tools and Materials

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SAFE AND PROPER USE OF 20 TOOLS {requirement 1}

 

 

(1) We learned how to survey land for a house by using a building level. Surveying land shows how much of a property the house owns and is able to take up. Also, it ensures builders that they’re aren’t going over height code when building a home. The steps in 

 

setting up a building level are as follows:

Step one-set up the tripod on a flat surface.

Step two-screw the lens directly on top of the tripod. 

Step three-make sure the bubble on the lens is directly in the middle. This is so your “shot” is completely even and accurate.

Step four- someone uses a tape measurer and you take your “shot."

 

(2) Today we we got into groups and had a competition on who could build the most stable and clean cut box. The winner with the best all around box gets to pick the flooring, tiling e.t.c for the houses that we’re building. Before we could do this challenge we had to learn how to correctly and safely use a table saw.

 

steps to safely use a table saw:

Step one-set up the table where the saw will sit.

Step two-put on safety glasses

Step three- put the saw carefully on the table and latch it on so it doesn’t fall off or wiggle when you are cutting pieces of wood.

Step four-make sure there isn’t anything or anyone around you that could bump into you, distract you or trip you.

Step five-plug in your saw and test it to make sure it is working properly (before cutting anything.). Put the material underneath the saw and line up where you want the cut to be, with the laser.

Step six-at a steady pace cut the materials. Once you’re done make sure the saw has stopped and the area is safe for the next user.

(Sept. 4)

 

(3) A hammer is mainly used to put things in wood or to pull out nails. 

 

How to use a hammer and nail:

step one- choose a hammer with a proper weight for you.

step two- adjust the grip according to how much force you want (further down more force and higher up less)

step three- line up the hammer with the nail and smash it.   

 

(4) Drill 

 Step 1: secure the bit whether using a chuck key or just turning the the chuck on the cordless

Step 2:  plug in the device

Step 3: change setting for what you are drilling.

Step 4: Drill

 

(5) Tape Measurer 

Step One: Pull out the tape slowly and click the button to lock it in place.

Step Two: Measure what you need to and carefully reel the tape back in. Don't click the button to let it come back in again because it could break or you could hurt yourself.

(6) Nail Gun 

Step One: Make sure the nail gun is loaded with nails

Step Two: Make sure they are no wires to trip on or nobody is in the way.

Step Three: Turn it on 

Step Four: Find what you want tp put a nail in and pull the trigger once.

(7) Circular Saw

Step 1: Check to make sure saw's guard is working peoperly Step 2: Plug in machine

Step 3: place hands in the proper places

Step 4: make sure your blade is away from the wood until at full speed

Step 5: Line up your saw and press the button to engage saw.

(8) Sawzall

Step 1: plug tool in

Step 2: align the saw so its square to whatever you are cutting

Step 3: make sure to start the bade before you enter the wood.

Step 4: move blade up tip up and down for more efficent cut.

Step 5: slowly move the blade closer to your body and pull the blade out 

(9) Electric H-Vac drill

Step one: Line it up with where you want the hole to be and hold the drill steady

Step Two: Press the button that starts the drill

(10)Jackhammer

 

Step One: plug it in

Step two: make sure nobody is in a danger zone of the jackhammer.

Step three: line it up with what you need to break up (concrete, usually)

Step four: press the button and go for it.

 

(11) X-acto Knife

Step One: Twist the lock on the knife to make sure that it doesn't fall out while you're working and hurt you.

Step Two: Cut a straight line with your knife.

 

(12) Wire Cutter

 

Step One: Grab the wire you want to cut.

Step Two: Grip the wire, make sure your fingers aren't in the way and with strength, cut the wire.

 

(13) Cats Paw

 

Step One: Grasp one end on a nail and pull upwards to pull the nail out.

 

 

(14) Roller (This tool is used to paint and prime walls in a house.)

Step One: apply paint to roller

Step Two: hold roller at the end with one hand and the other on middle.

Step Three: When rolling go ceiling to floor and use minimal hand motion.

 

(15)Ladder

The ladder is used not reach height that would otherwise be impossible to reach.

Step One: Place the ladder legs so that they're fully extended. You must make sure that the ladder is stable enough to be stepped on and that tripping hazards like cord and materials

Step two: place hands on each side of the ladder and walk up the ladder one step at a time.

Step Three: when getting off the ladder at a great height make sure you have sable footing before stepping off.

(16) Caulking Gun

This gun works to fill in cracks in windows and doors of the house. However it is not guaranteed to seal the house air-tight. The goop that comes is very sticky and can stain clothes if not removed properly.

Step One: Make sure that the caulking is warm enough to be applied

step Two: Place gun in the crack

Step Three:squeeze handle!

 

(17) Hand Router

A Hand Router is used to cut holes in the drywall.

Step 1: Turn router on before entering the wall

Step 2: Place the bit into the wall about an inch in and move counter-clockwise around the object your cutting.

 

(18) Staple Gun

Step One: Put on safety glasses before

Step Two: Press power and place the tip of the gun against the surface you intend to staple.

Step Three: Push the tip of the gun against the surface, exerting pressure on the gun. Then continue with the bump fire of the gun.

Step Four: Pull the gun away from the surface

(19) Staple Shooter (Manual)

step one: fill with staples and make sure spring is working

step two: line up the head to where you want to staple

step three: swing shooter into the board with enough force that staple goes fully in.

 

(20) Level

This tool makes sure that what your structure or whatever your doing is at the proper angle so that is even on both sides.

Step one: Place feel on object

Step two: adjust the object until the bible is inside the black line in the middle. 

 

 
Details

(1) Building Level

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(2) Miter Saw

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(3) Hammer

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(4) Drill

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(5) Tape Measure

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(6) Nail Gun

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(7) Circular Saw

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(8) Sawzall

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(9) Electric H-Vac Drill

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(10) Jackhammer

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(11) X-acto Knife

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(12) Wire Cutter

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(13) Cats Paw

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(14) Paint Roller

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(15) Ladder

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(16) Caulking Gun

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(17) Hand Router

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(18) Staple Gun

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(19) Staple Shooter (Manual)

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(20) Level

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My earned Con Tech 10 badges

COMPARING OF TWO GROUPS AND MATERIALS {requirement 2}

Solid and Manufactured Wood Products

Manufactured

- is constructed from multiple plies of wood with a solid top layer

- Because more of the tree is utilized to create the plies, less waste is inevitable and can be considered more eco-friendly

- More resistant to everyday wear and tear and also to buckling or rippling

- Can be used in basements, bathrooms, or any moist areas

- inexspensive

Solid

- exspensive

- more likly to crack or warp

- often used for building materials.

- used as floors (hardwoods)

 

Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metal

Ferrous

Ferrous metals are metals that consist mostly of iron and small amounts of other elements. Ferrous metals are prone to rusting if exposed to moisture. Ferrous metals can also be picked up by a magnet. The rusting and magnetic properties in ferrous metals are both down due to the iron. Typical ferrous metals include mild steel, cast iron and steel.

- uses include: tools, nuts and bolts, silverware, drill bits

Non-Ferrous

Non-ferrous metals are metals that do not have any iron in them at all. This means that Non-ferrous metals are not attracted to a magnet and they also do not rust in the same way when exposed to moisture. Typical Non-ferrous metals include copper, aluminium (coke cans), tin and zinc.

- uses include: ladders, plumbing, electrical aspects, coating engine parts.

HOW TO BUILD TWO PRODUCTS{requirement 3}

HOW TO BUILD A BOX:

Step One: Get correct pieces of wood and make sure they are cut to the right size that you want your box to be.

Step Two: Nail together all of the small pieces such as the corners of the box, before actually making the structure.

Step Three: Get the base (piece of ply wood) and put a 2x4 at each corner.

Step Four: Nail them into the base.

Step Five: Find 12 pieces of 2x6’s and make sure they are all cut the same size.

Step Six: Three 2x6’s go on each wall. So you line them down the 2x4s and nail them in, so theres three of them on each side of the box.

Step Seven: Take your corner pieces and nail them onto the corners on the outside of the box.

Step Eight: For extra details you can put a wooden border around the top to make it cleaner.

Step Nine: Appreciate the beauty of a box you just made

 

HOW TO BUILD STAIRS:

Step One: First we measure what it is to the bottom of the wall to the top and then divide it by the amount of risers.

Step Two: Once your get a measurement like 7 and 5/8’s you then make sure that each stair goes up by that measurement.

Step Three: the first of the pre fab pieces to go on in the middle turning one. The way we secure this piece is two 2x4 blocks at the bottom and top to that the piece rests on.

Step Four: Make sure that the stair is level once sitting on the blocks

Step Five: nail in place

Step Six: make sure there is filler of the ¾ to make sure that the dry wall can be placed in

Step Seven: repeat for other two pieces

REASONS FOR USING PARTICULAR MATERIALS OVER OTHERS {requirement 4}

Telepoles over I-beams
 Telepole
- Wood Beam When pole is needed to carry such a heavy load a wooden plat is replaced with a metal one called a telepole that is designed for carrying such a massive weight.
I-Beams
- I beams are made with plywood in the middle section because the plywood is apple to span massive amounts well and not as costly as the traditional wooden beam.

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Spray Foam over Insulation

Positives to Spray Foam:

- Spray foam is continually refined to ensure your home meet the building codes of the day and performs for the life of your home.

- It expands up to 100 times its original size therefor insulates a house better.

- Takes less time and labor to finish insulation

- Spray Foam handles water leaks better. Reg insulation can retain water potentially damaging your home.

- SF reduces the amount of dust, allergens and pollutants entering your home. And don't include harmful components that hurt environment.

- Many spray foams do not provide a source of food for rodents, termites, or other nasty critters compared to fiberglass.

Negatives to Spray Foam

- Costs more money to use